\ ' k
Anglican Ch urch
COUNTY OF ESSEX,
WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ThE HISTORY AND WORK
Or ST. cJOHN'S CHURCH. SANDWICH.
^ \ S- Jc^^^-
Rev. D. H. HIND,
The piesent Rector of St. John's, Sandwich.
INDIAN COUNCIL HOUSE,
Where services of Church of England held 1S24 to 1828, and on occasions
p' ior to that time by Rev. Mr. Pollard. See bronze tablet on Water
Works Rldg., corner Jefferson Ave. and learned, now occupying site of
Mr. &. Mrs. John C. Bonham,
Sills ville, Ont.
kiNQSTON U ONYARio CANADA
ST. PAUI/S CHURCH,
1828 to 1 851.
Woodward Avenue, near Congress Street. Removed in April, 1852.
JMr. £ Mrs. John C. Bonham,
kiNQSTON ONTARiO CANADA
INSCRIPTION MEMORIAL WINDOW, CHANCER ST. PA.UI/S CHURCH, DETROIT.
" I have fought a good fight."
Richard Pollard, First Missionary, 1804.
THE RIGHT REVEREND THOMAS EAREE WEEBY
Bishop of St. Helena.
COUNTY OF ESSEX,
WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE HISTORY AND WORK
Or ST. (JOHN'S CHURCH, SANDWICH.
A Century of the Anglican
Church in the County
God, we have heard with our ears and our fathers have declar-
ed unto us the noble works that Thou didst in their days and in the
old time before them. O Lord arise, help us and deliver us for
Your worthy rector the Rev. Mr. Hind, having done me the honor
to ask me to prepare a sketch of St. John's church on the occasion of
its Centennial Anniversary, I have with great diffidence acceded to
his kind wish.
Baptized and confirmed in it, and having grandfather, father,
brothers and sister buried in its churchyard, and having attended it
till sixteen years of age and again later, up to 1850, I have at least an
early acquaintance with it, and a profound interest in it, and I need
hardly say that one's heart is made sad by a retrospect like this — so
full of tender association and affectionate remembrance.
The review of four-score years and more of the home church and
friends beloved, no longer nigh, is well calculated to awaken the
tenderest of memories and the saddest of thoughts.
1 esteem it a great honor and privilege that I should have receiv-
ed this invitation, for it gives me the opportunity to make, as I desire
to do, the confession of my profound faith in the great truths of our
church and of God's Holy Word, and to say in all humility, I am
what I am through His Grace.
When good Bishop Berridge saw a poor wretch being dragged up-
on the hurdle to the place of execution, he said, "John Berridge but
for the Grace of God."
I am sure it is the wish of all here present to unite in an offering
of praise and gratitude to our Heavenly Father for the great mercies
vouchsafed to us through this long centennial period alike as a church,
a community and country ; and that as our residence here began by
leaving as British bubjects what is now the territory of the United
States to continue under the protection of the British flag and the
liberties and laws of England, of which we are in the fullest enjoy-
ment — widened and deepened by a Canadian freedom — we have great
reason for congratulation and both private and public thanksgiving.
Born as it was at a period of great political, social and national dis-
turbance, when old things had passed away, and a new home and life
entered upon, we shall encounter many strange experiences and find
ourselves open to much congratulation on the present condition of
both Church and State.
By the fall of Quebec under Wolfe on the 13th of September 1759,
the capitulation of Montreal on the 3rd of September 1760, under
General Amherst, and the surrender of Detroit to Major Roberts, of
the Queen's Rangers, on the 8th of September, 1760, we came into
full possession of Canada. This was in addition to our possession of
the thirteen colonies, now the United States, for we did not lose them
till the treaty of 1783, after eight years of war.
In 1774 the British parliament passed the "Quebec Act," by
which the entire British possessions west of New York, north of the
Ohio and east of the Mississippi, -were incorporated into the Province
By Proclamation issued from the Castle of St. Louis in the City of
Quebec, by Lord Dorchester, on the 24th of July, 1788, the District of
Hesse was set apart as one of the five Districts into which he divided
Canada, and this District afterwards was called the Western District,
and included all the country west of Long Point, taking in Detroit
and Mackinaw, and extending on the north to Hudson Bay Territory,
and on the south to the Ohio river, and on the west to the Mississippi,
Detroit being the District town, and the seat of the courts and the
residence of the Lieutenant-Governor, and the following officers were
appointed by Lord Dorchester : —
Jacques Duperon Baby, Alexander McKee and William Robert-
son, Judges of the Court of Common Pleas ; Gregor McGregor, Sheriff ;
William Roe, Clerk of the Peace ; Thomas Smith, Clerk of the Court
of Common Pleas, and Clerk of the Peace and Sessions of the Peace ;
George Meldrum, Coroner ; and eight Justices of the Peace, who
were : — Alexander Grant, Guilliam La Motte, St. Martin Adherman,
William McComb, Joncaire de Chabert, Alexander Maisonville, Wil-
liam Caldwell, Matthew Elliott. In 1789 William Dummer Powell was
appointed Judge of Common Pleas and Probate. Our Constitutional
Act of 1 791 came into operation under Governor Simcoe, and by a
minute in Council of 16th July, 1792, we find Richard Pollard at King-
ston, taking the oath of office as Sheriff of the Counties of Essex and
I give these appointments to show the beginning of civil British
Government in Detroit, and because this is the first we hear of Richard
Pollard, afterwards the first rector of this church.
The exodus of our people from Detroit took place on the nth
But we must not suppose that the change from the north to the
south bank of the beautiful River, was into a wilderness, or an unin-
habited district, for it was known as the Parish of L' Assumption.
This name came from the dedication of the Jesuit Mission under the
patronage of Our Lady of L' Assumption, the Mission being called,
"The Mission of the Huron Indians of the Detroit," established as
early as 1728, and it is said, that as early as 1735, this Jesuit Mission
of the Detroit numbered 600 Christian Indians, all of whom were con-
verted and baptized by Father Rechardie.
In 1749, 1751, and 1754, settlers were sent to Detroit from France
at the expense of the Government, and farms were granted to them on
both sides of the River of four arpents front on the River bank, run-
ning back forty arpents. Farming implements and other advances
were made to them by the Government until they were able to take
care of themselves, which they were soon able to do. Previous to 1749
there were no white settlers on the south shore. In 1752 there were
twenty white families settled on it, and in that year Father Potier bap-
tized the first white child born on the south shore.
The Mission House erected in 1774 is still standing, and it un-
doubtedly is the oldest building in Ontario. I was often in my young
da}^s in this venerable Christian house, during the incumbency of
Father Crevier and Vicar-General Macdonald.
In 1 761 " the Mission of the Hurons " was merged into the Parish
of L' Assumption, and the settlers on the south shore, some fifty fam-
ilies, were released from the Parish of St. Anne's, Detroit, to become
the first parishioners of the Church of the Assumption. Previous to
1 76 1 the Jesuit Missionaries to the Hurons had no ecclesiastical juris-
diction over the French settlers on the south shore. No marriages or
funerals of these people went to the ' ' Church of the Hurons. ' ' Chil-
dren were baptized by Father Potier, and no doubt the sacrament was
administered with the consent of the pastor of St. Anne's Church, who
had compassion on the poor infants doomed to cross the river in canoe,
or on the ice if born in the winter.
I should like to give the names of the first settlers along the
Grande and Petite Cotes, for I knew all their descendants, and I can
truthfully say that their courtesy or politisse made a strong impression
on my youthful mind and one that has continued with me throughout
. As I have some of the blood of the Campeaus in me, it is interest-
ing to note that, commencing on July 16th, 1761, with the baptism of
a Campeau, the records of the Parish of L' Assumption are continuous
and unbroken for one hundred and forty-one years.
THK FIRST MARRIAGE.
The first marriage recorded was between Jacques Charron and
Jeanne Belleperche on the 23rd January, 1769 ; the first interment re-
corded was of Charlotte Chevalier on the 20th March, 1769, ten years
after Detroit had become British territory ; and all this is interesting
as we learn that through the devoted and loyal efforts of Father Potier,
the Hurons were detached from the great Pontiac conspiracy, which,
if successful, might have ended England's occupation of New France,
as Canada was then called.
As early as 1793 we read of the neat farm houses of logs, white-
washed on the outside, the smiling orchards, and the numerous crosses
which marked the homes of the settlers along the river road, which
extended from Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie, and even beyond into the
Townships of Colchester and Gosfield, known as the " two connected
townships," which had been settled by the loyal Dutch Tories of the
Province of New York, under Dorchester's order of 1789.
Amherstburg was built' in 1796 and Sandwich in 1798.; and it is
known from a memorandum of the Judge's at Osgoode Hall, that Judge
Powell held a Court of Common Pleas at L' Assumption on the nth
da}' of August, 1 79 1, by adjournment ; on 3rd September, 1792, we
have him presiding in Court of Oyer and Terminer at Sandwich for the
District of Hesse, and in October, 1793, presiding Judge of Oyer and
Terminer for the Western District, held at the Court House of the
Township of L' Assumption, (this should be Parish of L' Assumption),
' ' in which the town of Sandwich is situated. ' ' This shows settlement,
cultivation and prosperity.
I am indebted for many of the above interesting particulars of the
settlement to a most interesting paper by Miss Kilroy in the July
number of the "Catholic Home Magazine," to which I would beg to
refer my readers. This possesses a personal interest for me, for my
good mother was a Catholic up to her marriage, as were her mother and
all her sisters with one or two exceptions, on marriage, while her father
and brother were protestants. St. Anne's church, Detroit, was the
place where they were baptized.
REV. MR. POLLARD THE FIRST RECTOR.
Now we return to Mr. Pollard : he was an Englishman and came
as a young man from England to the United States and when our
people left Detroit for this side Mr. Pollard came too, and, as we see,
continued to fill different civil offices. In 1792 he was made sheriff of
Essex and Kent, in 1793 he was appointed registrar of the counties of
Essex and Kent, in 1794 he was appointed registrar of Surrogate
Court and on January 1st, 1800, he again held the same office, in 1800
he was made sheriff of the Western District and on August 29th, 1S01,
he was appointed Judge of Surrogate. In 1802 he was made a Deacon
and was ordained a priest in 1804 by Bishop Mountain, of Quebec,
to which place he went for his diaconate and ordination. He was the
first ordained clergyman west of Niagara and was appointed missionary
to Sandwich and Amherstburg, and no doubt discharged his duties
through both the counties of Essex and Kent, including his former
home, Detroit. Mr. C. W. Burton, of Detroit, says : "Except Mr.
Pollard, no Episcopal clergyman is known to have officiated in Detroit
before the arrival of the Rev. Alanson W. Wilson in 182 1." There
we read of him as officiating in the Protestant Episcopal church,
where his memory is cherished by a memorial window in St. Paul's
church of that city, I have no doubt that looking back at his active
and varied official and ministerial life he did the work of lay-reader and
officiated at baptisms, burials, marriages and other offices of the church
during his stay in Detroit, Sandwich and Amherstburg, and through-
out the two counties. It has been a tradition he was kept a prisoner
on the other side from 18 13 to 18 14, but this is a mistake, as his ab-
sence was because he was chaplain to the forces. This is shown by a
memorial from him to the Commander-in-Chief, here subjoined, found
in the Michigan Pioneer Historical records.
Fortunately the tablet here has kept his memory fresh in the minds
of its members and given us definite particulars of his birth, work and
death in 1824 ; Mr. Hind has found an entry in the parish records
which is as follows : " The Rev. Richard Pollard of Sandwich was ab-
sent from that place from February, 1814, to June, 1815, on account of
the war, and was appointed and sent to Earnestown, on the Bay of
Quinte, during that period." This agrees with his memorial and ex-
plains his incumbency at Earnestown.
To His Excellency, Sir George Provist, Baronet, Chaplain General and Governor in Ghiej
in and over the Provinces of Lower and Upper Canada, Nova Scotia, New
May it please your Excellency :
The Memorial of the Rev. Richard Pollard, Chaplain of the Garrison of Amherst-
burgh, humbly showeth :
That your memorialist has been the Chaplain to the Garrison of Amherstburgh
since the year 1802, in eight years of which period your memorialist performed the
duty of chaplain at his own expense, although situated at Sandwich, 16 miles from
the Garrison, and that at present he is an involuntary exile from that place.
Your memorialist has been on his duty with the right division of the army
from the invasion of the Western District by General Hull to his unfortunate cap-
ture at Moraviantown.
Your memorialist furnished a horse for the Militia and troops for 12 months
without any charge to Government, and continually escaped with little more than
Your memorialist humbly solicits of your Excellency's goodness to continue
him on the list of chaplains, and your memorialist as in duty bound will every pray.
(Sgd.) Richard PoivivARD,
Chaplain to the Garrison at Amherstburgh.
Earnestown, 20th Oct., 1814.
In a similar p^sjtrcjft Mr. P. says that each visit to the Garrison from Sandwich
cost him $6 and three days' time, and he received for his services as chaplain to
the forces $100.
He was followed by the Rev. Robert Short in that year, who con-
tinued till 1827, I remember him quite well ; he was very small and
was called, "Little Bobby Short," and I recall quite distinctly one
Sunday morning, the congregation were waiting his appearance, and as
he didn't come, I was sent to tell him, and making some excuse which
I forget, he came and relieved the impatient congregation. He was
unmarried, but later married Miss Maria Forsyth of this town. He
went to Lower Canada when, after serving in several missions, he died
in 1879 at Montmorenci.
Then came the Rev. Edward Jukes Boswell from 1827 to 1828,
when he was transferred to London and became the first missionary
stationed in that now cathedral city, preceding immediately the Rev.
Benjamin Croniu, who became the first bishop of the Diocese of Huron
on its separation in 1857.
The Rev. Wm. Johnson came from the West Indies to Amherstburg,
and then here as the teacher of the Grammar School, 1828, and later
was ordained to the ministry, and continued rector till his death in
September, 1840. I remember his going to Montreal to be ordained.
He was married and had four or five children, and our late lamented
friend, Canon Johnson of Windsor, was his third son. He was my
teacher from 1828 till 1836, was a first-class classical man and a most
genial Irish gentleman. It was during his incumbency and in August,
i833< that Col. Prince and family came to Sandwich, and this was fol-
lowed by the first square pew being put in the church. The family
consisted of six members and there was not a vacant pew nor place to
put one, except the space between the pulpit and the front pew, and it
was arranged that Mr. Prince might have his pew built there, and this
was done ; quite an addition in every way to the little church. The
family was most exemplary in its attendance at church, and its influ-
ence was felt far and wide. A great event in the church, town and
country, was the arrival of this gifted family, socially, financially and
politically, and its record is as sad as it was brilliant. Mr. Prince was
one of the wardens from 1834 to 1836, when he became the member
A look at the parish register shows at once the hand of the lawyer
in the regular entry of the vestry meetings, the resolutions and accounts
passed, etc., as well as the skill of the accomplished conveyancer as
seen in the fine engrossing in old English characters of the first page.
The Rev. Thomas Earle Welby came as the successor to Mr.
Johnson ; he was a major in the army, and had been an officer of the
13th Eight Dragoons in India. I had known him as an officer during
the rebellion of 1837 at Brantford, where he had a fine estate, as he had
large private means. He was married, but came without his wife and
family, and as he had known my mother also at Brantford, he made
our house his home till the arrival of his family. Mr. Welby was the
finest type of an English officer and gentleman, and belonged to one of
the oldest families in England, antedating the Conquest. With his
sense of duty as a soldier, and his great regard for his high office as a
clergyman of the Church of England, he was soon an active, zealous,
popular and loved pastor. Owing to circumstances he was called home
to England and left us in 1842, but he left to the church the rectory
that he had provided for himself on the Detroit River, and which is
now occupied by your esteemed rector. Mr. Welby in 1851 became
Archdeacon of Georgetown in Cape Colony, and in 1852 was conse-
crated at Lambeth Palace Chapel, second Bishop of St. Helena, with
Episcopal jurisdiction over the Islands of Ascension and Tristan d'
Accunha, he had reached a good age, but was killed by his horses run-
ning away with him in 1900. I had been favored by receiving from
him a year or so before his photograph and autograph.
I tell in my pamphlet upon the Cutting out of the Caroline, the
circumstance of his finding me with very bruised feet from marching
from Hamilton to Brantford in December, 1837, over the most fearful
roads, and his telling me how to treat them, and of his getting a shav-
ing box and brush and going down on his knee and showing me how
to apply the lather. I was the private, he was the major, but he, "As
he that serveth," like the Master of old in whose steps he ever so faith-
Mr. Welby was Vice-President of the Western District Eiterary,
Philosophical and Agricultural Club, the first meeting of which was
held at Amhertburg in the reading room of the town, on the 15th of
July, 1842. I give one of the six resolutions adopted that day.
" Moved by the Rev. T. E. Welby, seconded by Dr. Grassett, That the diver-
sified range of the society's researches, like the noble scope of the first British
literary association established in Asia, shall embrace at once 'Man and nature,'
or in other words, ' whatever is performed by the one or produced by the other,'
and that the only qualification required in a candidate for admission shall be a love
of knowledge, and a patriotic desire to forward the prosperity of the Province in
general and of the District in particular, by promoting the advancement and dif-
fusion of literary, philosophical and agricultural knowledge."
Iii 1843 came the Rev. William Ritchie, who stayed till 1851,
when he went to West Gtiilli^mbury, County of Simcoe ; he with the Rev.
Mr. Eeitch came from the Presbyterian Church to our Communion,
and was ordained by Bishop Strachan. the first Bishop of Toronto, in
1843, and appointed at once to Sandwich. We were great friends up
to the time I left Sandwich in 1850. We renewed our friendship in
1870 when I visited him at Georgetown. He said to me then, " I have,
never read the first collect of the ante communion service through all
these years without thinking of you," and I said, "Why?" and he
kindly said, " Because you once called my attention to the way in
which you thought it ought to be read, as one of the most perfect com-
positions in the Prayer Book, and I have ever since tried to do it."
The Rev. E. H. Dewar came in 1853, an( i was incumbent when the
Diocese of Huron was organized in 1857, when his ministry ceased here,
and he went, I Believe, to Richmond Hill.
The Rev. John Hurst succeeded Mr. Dewar from 1859 to 1863.
He went to Windsor and then to England, where he died not long since.
The Rev. Francis Gore Elliott succeeded Mr. Hurst. He was a
native of the County of Essex, eldest son of Colonel Matthew Elliott,
of " The Point," below Amherstburg, one of the most prominent men
in His Majesty's service in the early days. He studied for the church
in Montreal and was ordained by Bishop Strachan. His first care
was in the Township of Colchester. He was here from 1863 to
1879, and like myself , was one of Mr. Johnson's pupils at Amherst-
burg. It is told of his father that he was the means of saving
General Proctor from being shot by Tecumseh at Moraviantown by
throwing up his rifle.
The Rev. Richard Johnstone followed from 1879 to 1887, and was
succeeded by your present worthy rector. The Rev. Mr. Hind was ap-
pointed as rector on the 10th August, 1887. Who in the County of
Essex does not know and admire him ? He was born in Toronto in
1833, and educated at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia. He
passed several years in the Northwest on the C. P. R. survey, and re-
turning to Nova Scotia was ordained by the late Bishop Binney in
1879. Mr. Hind is a son of Professor Henry Yale Hind, now an old
gentleman of over eighty, residing at Windsor, N. S. Professor Hind
was the geoligist of the first Canadian expedition sent to the Northwest
in 1857, and in charge of the Assinniboine and Saskatchewan expedi-
tion in 1858. Three years later he was sent by the Canadian Govern-
ment on an expedition into the interior of Labrador, and was the first
white man to stand on the watershed of that great unknown land.
He was the scientific adviser and ichthyologist to the British Commis-
sion at the Fishery Commission that met in Halifax, N. S., in July,
1878, according to the terms of the treaty of Washington, and it was
mainly on his evidence that the award was based of $5,500,000 given
to Canada. The rector of St. John's Church, like his distinguished
father, is a man of considerable research and travel, and is much
thought of for his large openheartedness and generosity. I had the
honor of knowing Professor Hind as early as 1853 and learning much
from his well-stored scientific mind.
Mr. Hind has learned that the Rev. Philip Loosey held several
services along the Detroit River in 1786, and on becoming rector of
Quebec in the same year, the Rev. George Mitchell took his place and
remained for 18 months. My thanks are due to Canon Richardson, Rev.
Mr. Farthing, Rev. Mr. Hind and Mr. Burton for aid given me in this.
THE FIRST CHURCH BURNED.
It is not known when the first church was built, but it seems to
be established that it was burned down in the war of 18 12. Doctor,
afterwards Bishop Strachan, writes in 18 14 as follows : — " The enemy
have twice captured the town since the spring of 18 13, all the public
buildings have been burnt, and much loss sustained by many of the in-
habitants." The S. P. G. Societies report as : — " The Americans also
took possession of Sandwich and Niagara, they burnt the church there,
carrying off from Sandwich the church books, and the Rev. R. Pollard,
who was released in 18 14, on the prospect of peace." The latter state-
ment as to Mr. Pollard's capture and release we have seen is at variance
with the words of his petition.
My friend, Mr. James, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of Toronto,
writes me : — " I can find very little about the early Anglican church at
Sandwich." Herriott in his travels, 1807, refers to Sandwich and
says : — " There is a Roman Catholic mission ;" but makes no mention
of a church of any kind. I think he would have mentioned it, if such
Gourlay in his work, 181 7, gives the following from the report of
the residents, Volume I, p. p. 275-280, "3rd" : — " One Roman Catholic
church and two priests, no Protestant church or chapel (the same hav-
ing been destroyed by the enemy during the late war), and but one
preacher of the ' Church of England.' "
In the Christian Recorder which was begun in March, 18 18, the
Rev. John Strachan, editor, the first article gives a sketch of the His-
tory of the Anglican Church : — " There is a list of ten clergymen in
Upper Canada and the Rev. Richard Pollard settled in Sandwich West-
ern District, a church is now building."
Mr. James adds these are all the facts that I can find at present, it
would seem that there had been a church at Sandwich some time be-
tween 1807 and the war of 181 2, it was destroyed and the Rev. Mr.
Pollard went to Harnestown to take up Mr. Langhorn's work after the
latter left in 181 3. The new church was begun in 18 16 or thereabouts
and finished in 1818.
It is interesting to learn how scant were the Church's influences of
that day. At the first session of the Legislature of Upper Canada,
1792, the Hon. Richard Cartwright reports as follows: — "Although
the two Lower Districts have had each of them a Protestant clergyman
since 1786, it is but a few months since this (Nassau, or Home) Dis-
trict has been provided with one ; and the Western District in which
the settlement of Detroit is included, is to this day destitute of that
useful and respectable order of men, yet the town of Detroit is, and has
been since the conquest, inhabited for the most part by traders of the
Protestant religion, who reside there with their families."
' ' In the Western District there are no other clergy than those of
the Church of Rome."
The late Bishop Strachan says : — " That down to the close of the
war of 1812-15 there were but four resident clergymen or missionaries
of the Church of England in all Upper Canada, and that till 18 18 there
was but one clergyman of the Church of Scotland in Upper Canada,
and that in 1827 there were but two."
The first church was built say in the year 1807, and that it was
burnt by Harrison's men in September, 18 13.
The second church must have been begun in 18 16 or near that date
and completed in 1818.
It is on the 15th of September that I find that my father paid for
Lord Selkirk his subscription of $100 towards its erection. Mr. Jen-
kins, of Walkerville, says that his father was married in it, and thinks
it was the first marriage in the church and was solemnized on the 25th
July, 18 1 8. The bricks to build it were brought from Buffalo, and the
tower as it now stands was built in 1845, an( ^ tne brother of the pre-
sent Police Magistrate Bartlett was the builder or contractor.
The present church was built during the incumbency of the Rev.
Francis Gore Elliott in 1872. It owes its erection to the efforts of the
faithful women of the parish, among whom w T ere the Misses Cowan and
the late Mrs. Joseph Mercer, whose life was brought to so dramatic a
close during the service in this church on the 20th December of 1891,
when she died in Mr. Hind's arms. The land on which the church
stands w r as conveyed to the Right Rev. Dr. Stewart, Bishop of Quebec,
in 1834 by the Crown. The land on which the rectory stands was con-
veyed to the Church Society of the Diocese of Huron by the Venerable
Archdeacon Welby, of Cape Town, South Africa, in the year 1862.
For the last 100 years there have been eleven rectors of this church.
The Misses Cow 7 an I have known since our school days, and to
their aunt, Miss Hall, Sandwich and the whole Western District were
indebted for the first ladies' school, and a most admirably conducted
one it was, and I also knew intimately Mrs. Mercer, who was one of
the most self-denying and sympathetic natures as well as warm and
practical friend I ever knew.
And it was to the father of the Misses Cowan the country was in-
debted for the Sandwich Emigrant, which he came from New 7 York to
establish here in 1830, the first newspaper in the District.
There was in the Western District a good share of literary talent.
The late Mr. Charles Eliot, who for many years was Judge of the Dis-
trict, was conspicuous for his literary tastes, and who in a newspaper
controversy witli the celebrattd Dr. Egerton Ryerson proved to be the
Mr. John Gentle, the baker, was another. His contributions on
all subjects were to be found in the newspapers of the day. While he
was resident in Detroit he wrote to the Cincinnati papers and dealt
with all questions of Government, banking, municipal work, etc., and
I think the index references in Farmer's great history of Detroit refers
to him some sixty times.
If the Church was so inadequately represented in those early years
by clergymen, there was another teacher in the person of our noble first
Lieutenant-Governor, Col. John Graves Simcoe, who on the nth April,
1793, issued his proclamation from Government House, Newark, to
the people of Upper Canada, and which was read four times each year
in our courts in Detroit, Mackinaw, Sandwich and all other parts of
I have felt it a great privilege to be able to republish this admir-
able appeal, for it is as appropriate and valuable to-day as it was at the
opening of our organization as a Province, and I may say that this is
the third centennial record in which I have republished it.
By John Graves Simcoe, Esquire, Lieutenant-Governor and Colonel com-
manding His Majesty 's Forces in the Provinces
of Upper Canada.
"Whereas, it is the indispensable duty of all people, and more
especially of all Christian nations, to preserve and advance the honor
and service of Almighty God, and to discourage and suppress all vice,
profaneness and immorality, which if not timely prevented may justly
draw down the Divine vengence upon us and our country. And His
Majesty, having for the promotion of virtue and in tenderness to the
interests of his subjects, given command for causing all laws made
against blasphemy, profaneness, adultery, fornication, polygamy, in-
cest, profanation of the Lord's Day, swearing and drunkenness, to be
strictly put in execution in every part of the Province, I do, therefore,
direct, require and command the peace officers and constables of the
several towns and townships to make presentment upon oath, of any
of the vices before mentioned to the justices of the peace in their sec-
tion, or to any of the other temporal courts. And for the more effec-
tual proceeding herein, all judges, justices and magistrates, and all
other officers concerned for putting the laws against crimes and offences
into execution are directed and commanded to exert themselves for the
due prosecution and punishment of all persons who shall presume to
offend in any of the kinds aforesaid ; and also of all persons that con-
trary to their duty, shall be remiss or negligent in putting the said laws
into execution. And I do further charge and command, that the pro-
clamation be publickly read in all courts of justice on the first day of
every session to be held in the courts of the present year, and more
especially in such of His Majesty's courts as have the cognizance of
crimes and offences ; recommending the same to all Christian ministers
of every denomination, to cause the same proclamation to be read four
times in the said year, immediately after divine services in all places of
public worship and that they do their utmost endeavor to incite their
respective auditors to the practice of piety and virtue and the avoid-
ance of every course, contrary to the pure morality of the religion of
the holy gospel of Jesus Christ.
Given under my hand and seal at arms, at the Government House,
Navy Hall, the eleventh day of April, in the year of Our Lord one
thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, and in the thirty-third year
of His Majesty's reign.
J. G. S.
By His Excellency's command,
WM. JARVIS, Secretary.
GROWTH OF ANGLICANISM.
With how profound a sense of gratitude we should look back upon
this centennial period of our church and country. It is marvellous,
and awakens the deepest emotions of praise and thanksgiving to our
heavenly Father for the wondrous results that have attended the pro-
gress of the century alike from a material and a spiritual aspect.
Let us take our own Diocese of Huron as an index of what the
development has been throughout our land. Clergy in active service,
146 ; total number on the roll, 164. Number of church edifices, 246 ;
value of same, $821,465. Seating accommodation, 61,837. Number
of parsonages, 78. Church population, 52,867. Sunday schools in the
Diocese, 22. Total number of those engaged in Sunday school work —
officers, teachers and pupils, 18,960 ; and a population of over 800,000.
And as with Huron, so with all the other Dioceses in the Dominion,
with a Dominion Mission Board taking in all the baptized members of
the church and calling for a contribution of $75,000 for the mission
work alone. Then look at the Sunday schools and the various agencies
and organizations for church work among young and old, and how
grand the spectacle is when we recall, in addition, what our fellow
Christians of the other communions are doing in the Master's cause ;
the Roman Catholics, Presbyterians, Methodists, Salvation Army, the
Plymouth Brethren, the Colored churches and other branches of the
Protestant Church, rivalling us and each other in their zeal and self-
consecration, and giving us deep cause for congratulation and encour-
When we think of the various and vigorous agencies of the
church in the brotherhood of St. Andrew's, that of Andrew and Peter,
the Young Men's Christian Association with its large membership, the
Young Women's Christian Association, the Christian Endeavor
with its 3,700,000 members, the Epworth League with its 3,000,-
000, the Baptist Young Peoples' Society, the Woman's Auxiliary,
the World's Student Movement with its membership of 200,000, the
Students' Volunteer Movement, the Church Settlements, the Uni-
versity Settlements, the Daughters of the King, the Sisterhoods and
the Brotherhoods and the Lay-readers, the Women's Christian Tem-
perance Association, the Church of England Temperance Society with
the Archbishops and other Bishops as total abstainers, and all other
kindred Societies, the Bible Study and Prayer Unions, we see power-
ful forces for the edification and conversion of the churches and the
help of the Pastors.
Again, when we look at the legislation and conferences in behalf
of Charities and Correction, educating the public mind to the great
value of movements for the betterment of the poor, saving neglected
and dependent children, treatment and reformation of juvenile offend-
ers, prison reformation and its related subjects, detention and cure of
inebriates, charity organization, rescue work among women and girls,
care and treatment of the feeble-minded, prevention and cure of tuber-
culosis, we see new fields and opportunities for the operation of the
altruistic thought of the Church ; and further, the Church newspapers
and the publication of sermons and Church proceedings by the secular
Wonderful has been the progress of the Church throughout all
portions of the World, and especially in our own Dominion.
Mr. Pollard was ordained in 1802 by Bishop Jacob Mountain, the
first Bishop in Canada, and now we have twenty Bishops with
an early prospect of more, for some of the Dioceses are very ex-
tensive. Bishop Mountain's jurisdiction took in Quebec and Upper
Canada, and stretched far into the west and was only bounded by the
Pacific Ocean. Eight times he came over this enormous Diocese,
making the journey, which amounted to about 3000 miles, every three
years. He set down the cost of a trip from Montreal to Detroit at
^150 or about $750. He died on the 18th of June, 1825, at the age
of seventy four, having been thirty two years a Bishop. He left 61
clergymen, including three Archdeacons, in the whole Diocese when
at his orrival in 1793 he had found but nine. This increase, however,
was mainly in the west, eleven only being in that territory known as
the Diocese of Quebec. When appointed there was only a church at
Sorel and the foundation of one at Niagara. He left sixty churches
either built or in progress of building. It is related by Kingsford that
on his arrival at Quebec on being met by the Catholic Bishop, Mon-
signieur Briand, the latter welcomed him and gave him a kiss on each
cheek, saying it was time he had come to take charge of his people.
The Honorable the Reverend Charles James Stewart was the
second Bishop of Quebec. He was the brother of the Earl of Gallo-
way and came to this country as a missionary in September 1807. He
visited Sandwich in 1820. I have an interesting letter from him to
my father written from Hamilton and dated the 10th day of May of
that year. He was again here in 1833 as Bishop Stewart and con-
firmed me. I have an earlier association however with this sainted
man for I have a letter from my father to my mother's father giving
a description of the young missionary as he had married one of my
father's sisters to lieutenant Blaquire in 18 10 at St. Johns.
My father relates a characteristic anecdote of the young clergy-
man in these words : "the marriage wa's on Saturday and it was of
course expected that the clergyman would dine with them, but as he
had written to his parishoners that he would be with them on Sunday
morning, he contented himself with a cake and a glass of wine and set
off in an open canoe, although it rained, that he might not forfeit
In one of his trips to Sandwich in 1820 he covered a circuit of
1880 miles, and his journeys, as a rule were made on horseback. He
and ni}'- grandfather Woods were great friends and kindred spirits.
The population of Upper Canada in 1826 was 164,000 ; it had
more than doubled during his ten years Episcopate.
Bishop Sweatraan, of Toronto, in his sketch of the Woodstock
parish, says : — "In 1834 the whole of Upper and Lower Canada was
under the Episcopal jurisdiction of the sainted Charles James Stewart,
second Bishop of Quebec, the father of the Church of Upper Canada,
to whose apostolic missionary labors a large number of our parishes
owe their existence. It was in this year that he founded the Upper
Canadian Travelling Fund, in England better known as the "Stewart
Missions." He died in England in 1837 and was followed by Bishop
George F. Mountain, son of the late Bishop Jacob Mountain, whose
jurisdiction took in not only Upper and Lower Canada but Rupert's
Land which was then an indefinite term by which the vast territory of
North America was designated.
In 1799 some enthusiastic churchmen of the evangelical school
formed in England a Church Missionary Society which was to be for
the heathen what the S. P. G. had been for the colonists. This Church
Missionary Society established a mission in 1822 at the Red River
settlement — now Winnipeg. The mission was established for the pur-
pose of ministering to the Indians who were living in the most de-
graded condition of heathenism. The Bishop made up his mind in
1843 t° visit this country with a view, if possible, to establishing a
bishopric there. The trip involved a touring of about 1800 miles by
canoe and he did not reach Montreal till August 16th.
The first Bishop of Upper Canada was Dr. Strachan,- ordained in
1839. He was a Scotchman with a most pronounced Aberdeen brogue
which remained with him to the last. After holding one or two
situations as a teacher in Scotland, he was offered a position in Lower
Canada by the Governor to take charge of an Academy there at a
stipend ^80 a year. He arrived in Canada as he himself put it, on
the last day of the last week of the last month of the last year of the
last century and he lasted till November 1867 — 89 years and 7 months.
It fell to his lot to educate almost all the leading public men of Upper
Canada of the past century and in Toronto University and Trinity
College (now about to be confederated) we have monuments of his
passion for education and his achievements in this great field. In 1812
he was appointed a member of the Executive Council of Upper Canada
and was a power in both church and state. With him as with the
second Bishop Mountain, we have to associate the vexed question of
the Clergy Reserves, which was finally put at rest by the parliament
of United Canada in 1854, distributing them among the churches
and municipalities — our own diocese has a fund from this and other
sources of some $7 20,000 invested from which an income is derived
that greatly aids its diocesan work.
Dr. Charles Inglis was the first Bishop of Nova Scotia and the
first of the Colonial Bishops 1787- 1816.
Dr. Seabury was the first Bishop of our church in America, as
Bishop of Connecticut and was consecrated by the non-juring Bishops
of Scotland on the 14th of November 1784— the first Bishop on earth
to occupy a diocese anywhere on earth, outside of Great Britain and
Ireland, in connection with the Anglican communion — the first to be
honored of the American Episcopate which to-day numbers some
Strange to say, I have a personal connection with this great and
good man through my son-in-law Mr. J. Seabury O'Dewyer, of
Granby, Quebec, who is one of the Bishop's descendants.
It was no doubt a sad day when the devoted band of Loyalists
took their departure from Detroit leaving their homes and the dearest
of friends to make for themselves new habitations on the opposite
shore. This withdrawal meant the surrender of vast territories such
as now make the States of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wis-
consin and a part of Minnesota. Detroit up to this time had been the
County Town, of the County of Kent and on this change Kent lost the
prestige of being the seat of the Courts while Sandwich gained it
and has ever since retained it I am glad to say. The beautiful towns
of Amherstburg and Sandwich with their fine residences, schools,
orchards and gardens were the early result of the change. I have
never been one of those who grieved over this great loss of territory.
It would always have been the source of conflict between the two
peoples and then it is a natural and reasonable boundary making with
the great lakes a fair division line of the continent, and I am glad to
say our great historian Dr. Kingsford takes the same view of it and
says: "One of the wisest provisions in the Treaty of Versailles was
the establishment of the boundary where it is, and that this decision
was formed, I consider is in no small degree attributable to the un-
fortunate expedition of Hamilton "
When we look back over this hundred years and see the progress
peace and prosperity of this land, what great reason we have for
thanks to our Heavenly Father that our lot has been cast in it.
THE WAR OF 1812-15.
With the exception of the war of 18 12 to 18 15, there has been no
conflict between our neighbors and ourselves and for the past eighty-
eight years, so far as international trouble is concerned we might have
been one of the States of the Union — a most happy condition and one
that we pray may be perpetual.
Sandwich was the first place to feel the war. It was declared on
the 18th of June 18 12 and on the 7th of July General Hull crossed
from Detroit with 2,300 men or so and took possession of Sandwich,
which he held till August 7th, when he withdrew on the approach of
General Brock by way of Amherstburg, when Detroit and Michigan
again became ours, and remained so until after Perry's victory on
Lake Erie in September, 1813.
Sandwich suffered a good deal during the Rebellion of 1837, owing
to the attacks of Thellar, Sutherland and others, and particularly in
the women and children having several times to retire to the conces-
sions on the threatened approach of the pirates, but we won't think
this very serious when we read to-day that in the Macedonian conflict
in the Valayet of Monastir there are 150,000 women and children
and old men in the mountains and forests seeking refuge from the mur-
The battle of Windsor on the 4th of December, 1838, was the
crowning event of the frontier's troubles. That morning a body of the
invaders crossed the river and burnt the steamer Thames which lay at
a Windsor dock and began their destructive work. Dr. Hume, the
army surgeon stationed at Sandwich, was killed and his body mutilated
while on his way to help the wounded, and this greatly inflamed our
troops and people. Then it was that the militia and troops from Am-
herstburg under Col. Airey appeared and the pirates were soon over-
come and scattered. Some were taken prisoners, who were shot by
order of Col. Prince, in the words of his memorable dispatch, " All of
whom I ordered to be shot which was done accordingly," and which I
may say proved the most effective means of putting an end to the
piratical invasions of this frontier. This order made Col. Prince the
most popular man in Upper Canada, but it led to a great deal of dis-
satisfaction and bitterness in the community, and the challenging by
him of some fourteen of his former friends, some, members of this con-
gregation, with one of whom he had a duel with the result that his
opponent was wounded. This was Mr. W. R. Wood, the gentleman
whose name appears for many years as one of the wardens of this
church. I have often had to explain that he was neither my brother
Joseph nor myself. He was an Englishman, while we were Canadians
and approved of the colonel's order, which was only the carrying out
of a decision arrived at some time before at a public meeting of all the
inhabitants, that no more prisoners should be made of the pirates but
that they should be shot on the field.
The second son of Colonel James Askin, lieutenant Charles, came
to an early death by being accidentally shot by a sentry. He was one
of the bravest young men I ever met. And another, the only son of
Judge Eliot, a graduate of Toronto University, and barrister, and giv-
ing great promise of a useful life, came to his death during the Fenian
raid, 1866, in the same sad way on leaving a friend's house in Sand-
wich after dark, through some misunderstanding on the sentry's part.
In the first Session of the first Parliament of Upper Canada, an
Act was passed abrogating the ancient laws of Canada, and, in all fu-
ture controversy, resort was to be had to the laws of England. The
law was not to interfere with the provisions affecting Ecclesiastical
rights within the Province.
EARLY MARRIAGE LAWS.
It is to be remembered that at that date by English law, no mar-
riage was legal until performed by a minister of the Church of Eng-
land, consequently the children by other marriages were by law,
illegitimate. In many cases in the neighborhood of the forts no
clergyman was present, the service had been read by the commanding
officer, or by an officer appointed by him. In other parts of the coun-
try at the home of the first settlement, the Justice of the Peace has
performed the ceremony. Many districts were imperfectly provided
with clergymen, and in these cases laymen had officiated.
A strong feeling had grown up, whatever the moral character of
the relationship, that the children from these marriages had no legal
right to the inheritance of the property of their sires. This was reme- *
died in the second Session by 33, George III, C. 1, (1793), making.^
such marriages valid, and providing for future ones.^^B^srrGllieTKct
of that Session, Presbyterian, Lutheran and Calvfcffist ministers were
authorized to celebrate marriages between certain persons, provided
they were not under any legal disqualification, but it did not include
the Methodists. This came later, in 1830, 11, George IV, when minis-
ters of the Church of Scotland, Congregationalists, Baptists, Indepen-
dents, Methodists, Menonists, Tunkers or Moravians were added.
As late as 1804 my own parents were married by Judge Selby, who
was the Judge of the Western District Court, and I here give a copy
of the marriage certificate, as of the eight witnesses present, the most
familiar names of that day are found.
Whereas, James Woods, of the Town of Sandwich, and Elizabeth Grant, of
Grosse Point, in the Territory of the United States, were desirous of intermarrying
with each other, and there being no parson or minister of the Church of England
living within eighteen miles of them, or either of them, they have applied to me
for that purpose : Now these are to certify that in pursuance of the powers granted
by an Act of the Legislature of this Province (of Upper Canada) passed in the
thirty-third year of His Majesty's reign, I, Prideaux Selby, one of His Majesty's
Justices of the Peace, having caused the previous notice by the Statute required to
be given, have this day married the said James Woods and Elizabeth Grant together,
and they are become legally contracted to each other in marriage.
Sandwich, 12th June, 1804.
Signed, P. SEivBY.
Signed, J. Woods.
Signed, Elizabeth Woods.
Witnesses present :
Signed, Angus Mcintosh,
J. B. Barthe,
COPY OF BISHOP STEWART'S LETTER.
Hamilton, May 10, 1820.
Dear Sir, — I wrote a letter to you last Friday, and on Sunday I discovered
that I had sent the letter off in a box to Montreal.
I arrived at York on the 29th after a good journey, having had good health,
for the most part. The road for the first thirty miles from Amherstburg is pretty
good, afterwards, to Col. Talbot's — eighty miles — is very bad, scarcely passable in
some places ; but I am glad that I visited the poor people in that new part of the
On the 23rd I preached at the Mohawk Village on the Grand River, and next
day I visited the Tusotrora Village, and Major Norton. I liked my visit to him,
and also one I made tq Mr. and Miss Brant on 7th — 27th.
I expect to be at Montreal about the ist of June, when I shall be happy to at-
tend to your wishes and instructions with regard to your son, and to deliver your
letter to him
Be so good as to present my best regards to Mrs. Woods, to the Mackintoshes,
and other friends, also to Mr. Pollard and Mr. Rolph. You may inform the two
last gentlemen that on enquiry, I found Dr. Strachan had receive 1 a box of books
for the clergy, and that he will send them a portion of the books. They were sent
from London by Government. My instructions were to sell them for the most
part at a low price ; and I sold the Bibles at three-quarters of a dollar, and the
Prayer Books (bound with a Testament) at half a dollar ; but I gave some away,
and kept an account of all. They will use their own discretion.
I hope your health is good, that you are able to benefit by good books, and
that you grow in grace and in the knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ. Pray God
to give the increase and persevere.
Believe me, truly, Dear Sir,
Yours very sincerelv,
At York I was told the Bishop proposed being there early in June.
To Jas. Woods, Esq.,
THE MORAVIAN CHURCH.
It should be stated that in 1792 the Moravian Mission was estab-
lished in Kent, which at that time included Detroit as the county town.
The minister was the celebrated David Ziezberger. This mission
represented the historic Church of Moravia (for the Indians are not so
called from any tribe of that name) and Bohemia, founded in 1457,
nearly three-quarters of a century before Luther's Reformation. The
mission entertained Governor Simcoe and his suite in February, 1793,
on his way to visit the fort and troops at Detroit, and on his return.
This noble body of Christians had been ten years in reaching their
Canadian Canaan in their journey from their home in Ohio. The first
year they passed at a point where Mount Clemens in Michigan, now is
— 1783-84, they lost their corn crop, and the winter was one of the
severest known ; the ice on Lake St. Clair was three feet two inches
thick, and the snow five feet deep, which interfered with both hunting
and fishing, but they were saved from their getting a large quantity of
venison from a herd of deer that strayed into the neighborhood ; and
with the sale of the surplus, bought corn for the spring's use, and their
stay there led to the making of the first inland road out of Detroit,
which was made by Mr. John Askin (grandfather of Mr. Alexander
Askin, of Strabane,) and Major Ancruin.
For a short time they settled at the mouth of the Detroit River
below Amherstburg, where they received much kindness from Colonel
Elliott and Colonel McKee, and from which point they came to Kent.
The Church of England, in England, contemplated union with this Epis-
copal branch of the Church, as the Unitas Fratrum.
This mission dispensed the offices of the Church through its trusty
evangelical pastors, and to a large section of Kent for many years, as
it was twenty-seven years after its establishment before Chatham had
its first church. The battle of Moraviantown was a sad day for them.
The village was burnt and they retired to Burlington, where they
stayed for some months, but returned and made a new home on the
south side of the river, where their descendants may be seen to-day
a happy, prosperous people. They had their centennial in [892, a
pamphlet account of which I prepared and which, by the way, with
this makes my fourth centennial story.
The first Methodist chapel was built in 1838, and I remember
well the good impression made in the community by the appearance of
this communion. I remember that one of them was in the employ-
ment of the Rev. Mr. Johnson, the pastor of this church for many
years at fifty cents a day, and how exemplary a man in every way
was William Westaway.
SCIKNCK AND RELIGIOUS THOUGHT.
We have heard much of Holy Scripture and the Higher Criticism,
Science against Christianity, and the decadence of religion.
These have not disturbed me in the least. Indeed they have sharp-
ened and strengthened my faith. I have followed the adverse criticism,
but with neither fear nor doubt, only a stronger faith and confidence in
the absolute truth, purity and sanctity of God's word; science and
revelation can never be in conflict for they are both of God. We have"
just had a declaration from the chief of the scientists, Lord Kelvin, in
connection with the last great discovery, radium, namely that "Scien-
tific thought is compelled to accept the idea of creative power." Who
could have doubted it but the mind obscured by the carnal knowledge
of the day ?
What is radium but a metal with a profound mystery attaching to
it — so great a mystery that its silent energy paralyzes the scientist,
giving forth a force equal to a speed of 30,000 miles a second and valued
at $7£*ooo an ounce.
If xhis be true, and the scientists tell us it is, then what are we to
think of the spiritual power of God's word and work? If radium be
the emitter of such a force, from no apparent cause, and with an in-
herent energy that is inexhaustible, what shall we think of the super-
natural agency of God's Holy Spirit ? No wonder we see a Saul in his
intolerant and murderous zeal, in the twinkling of an eye, prostrate on
the earth and asking, " Lord, what wilt Thou have me to do?" See
John Bunyan converted from the profane tinker to the author of Pil-
grim's Progress. See John Newton, the cruel, impious slave trader,
transformed into the image of his Master and saying :
" How sweet the name of Jesus sounds
In a believer's ear."
The power ot the Holy Spirit, the Comforter, proceeding from the
Father and the Son, is a thousand times greater force than all the
radium of the world, but an unknown quantity to the scientific votary
with his merely worldly knowledge and ignorance of higher things.
Let the Church awaken and give its attention to the spiritual radium.
I have to arraign the Church, that it does not recognize and seek
in a greater degree the indwelling presence and power of the Holy
Spirit, and impress it upon the individual believer.
We recognize Him in the corporate Church as manifested at Pente-
cost, but as the disciples had to wait for ten days in Jerusalem after the
ascension, to receive this wondrous gift, so each individual must wait
and seek this, the last, best, gift of Christ's mission to this earth.
Baptism does not give it, confirmation does not give it ; the Creed
says: — "I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church,"
and we pray, " Take not thy Holy Spirit from us ;" but what we need
to pray for is, that we may be filled with the Holy Spirit, as an
indwelling presence and power, greater than the power and presence of
Christ himself when on earth, for this is His promise and His heart's
Too many of us are but nominal Christians, Christians of the
ante-Pentecostal days, like Peter in Pilate's hall, ready to deny his
Master, and, like all the disciples, to forsake Him. Oh, for the radio-
activity of the Holy Spirit without money and without price. Christ
says : — " Nevertheless I tell you the truth, it is expedient for you that
I go away, for if I go not away, the comforter will not come unto you,
but if I go, I will send Him unto you," John xvi., 7.
" But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you
from the Father, even the spirit of truth which proceedeth from the
Father, he shall testify of me," John xv., 26.
" How be it when He the spirit of truth is come, He will guide
you into all truth, for He shall not speak of Himself, but whatsoever
He shall hear, that shall He speak," John xvi., 13.
' ' Ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence,
ye shall receive power when the Holy Ghost is come unto you, and ye
shall be witness unto Me," Acts i., 5, 8.
" As many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of
God," Romans viii., 13.
" Know ye not, that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit
of God dwelleth in you?" I. Cor. iii., 16.
" If a man love Me, he will keep My words, and My Father will
love him, and we will come unto Him and make our abode with Him,"
John xiv., 23.
In Christ's high priestly prayer, xvii. John, 20, 21, he says: —
" Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe
on Me through their word, that they all may be one as Thou Father
art in Me, and I in Thee ; that they also may be one in Us ; that the
world may believe that Thou hast sent Me. ' '
Each believer must have his Pentecost.
Like the great doctrine of justification by faith, which until the
Reformation had been lost to the Church for fifteen hundred years,
and so the great duty of missions to the heathen which by the confes-
sion of the late Archbishop of Canterbury had also been forgotten by
the Church of England for a like time, and even to the time of his
speaking (1897) ; so this great gift of the Holy Spirit, as an indwelling
presence and power in each believer, has been lost sight of, and not in
our own branch of the Reform Church alone, but in others.
May God in His great mercy recall His Church to a sense of the
power and presence of the Holy Spirit as manifested in the Book of
Acts, and other portions of the New Testament, and restore Him to
His apostolic status in His high and holy power as the third person of
the Blessed Trinity.
THR OUTLOOK HOPEFUL.
I have no fear of the decadence of the Church. With our twenty -
five millions of Sunday School scholars and the two millions of volun-
tary teachers, and the great work that ib being done among two
hundred thousand scholars of the universities and colleges, we need
not have fear for the future Church. True, our own parent Church in
England is grievously disturbed just now with dissensions, contro-
versies and conflicts between archbishops and bishops, and bishops and
clergy, and clergy and laity, and so with the great branch of our
Church in the adjoining Republic, with its 92 bishops and 4,885 clergy,
and 758,052 communicants, and so in some of the Colonial Churches,
yet this is but passing and in God's good time will come to an end,
with a Church purified, united and strengthened for the Master's ser-
vice. Christ reigns, and to-day throughout the world His name and
Church are the operative and controlling forces alike in its civilization,
expansion, achievement and aspiration.
The first and great obligation upon the Church to-day is that of
" Missions." Foreign and Domestic, to fulfil the mission committed to
it by our Lord and Master Jesus Christ. The needs in this respect are
very great, and while the Foreign have hitherto been, and still are,
supreme in magnitude, yet with the wonderful immigration into our
Northwest Provinces and Territories, the Domestic is now more urgent
— because they are our own people. As a part of us, they are entitled
and ought to receive the best we can give them in the municipal, poli-
tical, social and spiritual way. Giving to either is good ; giving to
Under the new organization, each baptized member of a parish is
a member of the Board of Missions, and the good results have been
seen in the great increase this year in the contributions over all former
Our esteemed friend and distinguished co-worker in all branches
of Church work, and especially in the ecclesiastical courts, Mr. Charles
Jenkins, says on this subject : — " Canada must be secured for Christ,
and this work must be done systematically ; the spirit of Christ must
energize the Church if the work is to succeed. Let us consecrate our-
selves, our purses and powers to this great cause in cheerful obedience
to the ascending command, ' Go ye therefore and teach all nations,
baptize them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the
Holy Ghost.' "
The Rev. Hiram Hull, B. A., says : — " We have a great country
of some 1,200,000 square miles west of Port Arthur, a country also to
the north of that of unorganized territory of 1,600,000 square miles ; a
country that is traversed by at least 10,000 miles of navigable water
suitable for steamboats ; a country that is crossed by thousands of
miles of railway, where last year several hundreds of miles of railroad
were built ; a country that has room enough for all the people within
the Dominion, all the people of the United States, and all the people in
the British Isles as well, and for all the people of Europe. No wonder
people are coming to us by the thousands and tens of thousands — 38,-
000 people came two years ago, 78,000 last year, and already this year
since 5th January over 80,000 have come to us ; 250,000 of the people
who are in the country to-day, half of the population are composed of
thirty-two different nationalities ; 45.000 Americans came in the past
" We are face to face with the question that the foreign element
brings up, and we must settle it as a church — that is, co-operating with
our sister churches. We have many provinces west of you as large as
" We offer these new homes, and the Government does too. The
Government is responsible to these people for their intellectual attain-
ment and for their physical welfare. It is not the duty of the Church
to build schools for these people — that we hold to be the duty of the
Government ; that encourages them to come, whether they are Eng-
lish speaking people or other nationalities, but certainly it is the duty
of the Church to bring Christ to the people, and the ministry of this
or any other church cannot say, ' This is none of our affair, we are not
our brother's keeper.' So while the Government builds railroads,
schools, colleges and universities, the Church must be at the forefront
with the churches, the preachers, the keeping of the Sabbath day, etc.,
and see that these people have the Gospel which we are appreciating
CHANGE OF NAME OF THE CHURCH AND THE PRAYER BOOK.
You will recollect that at the last Session of the General Synod
held in Montreal in September last, there was an important discussion
whether there should be a new name given to the Church in Canada,
but by a bare majority of two, the question received the six months'
hoist, which means an indefinite postponement of the matter.
There was another discussion upon a motion of Mr. Matthew Wil-
son, K. C, and a memorial of the Diocese of Huron, upon the issuing
of a special Canadian Prayer Book, with services adapted to the needs
of the country. A number of amendments were proposed, but a con-
ference of those interested in them resulted in the adoption of the fol-
lowing resolution, which was passed by a large majority :
" That it is now convenient and desirable that an edition of the Book of Com-
mon Prayer be printed for use throughout Canada, by the action of a joint
committee of both houses, and that such prayer book should contain, conveniently
arranged, all the prayers and forms of service applicable to and authorized for the
use of church services in Canada, and should be issued with the authority of the
General Synod and used by the various congregations within its jurisdiction, and
that the upper house be respectfully requested to take such action as may be
deemed necessary to prepare a plan for the issue of such Canadian prayer book,
and that, the upper house concurring, a joint committee of both houses be ap-
pointed to assist in carrying out the object of this resolution, and to report at the
next meeting of this Synod."
We have the honor of claiming my very highly esteemed friend,
Mr. Wilson, as a member of Christ Church, and we are co-delegates
from it to the Diocesan Synod, as we have been to the Provincial
Synod, and he is kind enough to say that I was the first person in
Synod, as early as 1S84, to propose a change of the Prayer Book in its
arrangement at least, adapting it to the conditions of the Canadian
Church. Few, if any, approved the suggestion. It got the cold
shoulder. Times have changed. Mr. Wilson's views and arguments
have now prevailed alike in the Diocesan, Provincial and General
Synods, where, I am happy to say, he is recognized as a power in the
interests of the Church, and the Church will soon possess a form of
this venerated and priceless book, that will be acceptable to all — only
enriched, not despoiled of any of the excellencies and beauties that
have embedded it in the hearts and minds of the Anglican communion
throughout the world.
I have to congratulate you on your beautiful organ, and to find
that you have given it a memorial character by dedicating it to the
memory of your first rector. Nothing could be more appropriate than
the "Pollard Memorial Organ," and I cannot say with how much
pleasure I listened last Sunday and this to the sweet singing of the
choir — so full of praise and harmony in this your beautiful little church.
Here is a list of Wardens from 1821 to the oresent.
1821 George Jacob and James Little.
1822 John McGregor and Jos. Hamilton.
1823 Wm. Elliott and J. W. Little.
1824 Wm. Hands and J. W. Little.
1825 James Woods and ]. W. Little.
1826 Geo. Jacob and Ch. Elliott.
1827 Geo. Jacob and Robert Wrist.
1828 Geo. Jacob and Ch. Askin.
1829 Geo. Jacob and Joseph Woods.
1830 Geo. Jacob and Ch. Askin.
183 1 Geo Jacob and James Woods.
1832 Geo. Jacob and J. L. Williams.
1833 Geo. Jacob and J. A. Wilkinson.
1834 Ch. Elliott and John Prince.
1835 Abraham Unsworth and John Prince.
1836 Abraham Unsworth and John Prince.
1837 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton.
1838 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton.
1839 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton.
1840 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton.
1 84 1 Wm. R. Wood and L. S. Fluett.
1842 Wm. R. Wood and Thos. Woodbridge.
1843 Wm. R. Wood and^Thos. Woodbridge.
1844 Wm. R. Wood and'j. B. Laughton.
1845 Wm - R- Wood and A. K. Dewson.
1846 Wm. R. Wood and A. K. Dewson.
1847 Wm. R. Wood and W. P. Vidal.
1848 Wm. R. Wood and W. P. Vidal.
1850 Paul |. Salter and Geo. Bullock.
185 1 Paul J. Salter and Geo. Bullock.
1852 Paul J. Sailer and Geo. Bullock.
1853 Paul f. Salter and Thcs. Woodbridge.
1854 Paul J. Salter and Thos. Woodbridge.
1855 Paul J Salter and Thos. Woodbridge.
1856 Thomas Woodbridge and John Adley.
1857 Thomas Woodbridge'and John Adley.
1858 Thomas Woodbridge and John Adley.
1859 Paul J. Salter and John Adley.
i860 Paul J. Salter and Joseph Miller.
1861 Paul J. Salter and J. H. Wilkinson.
1862 Paul J. Salter and J. H. Wilkinson.
J. Woodbridge and J. H. Wilkinson.
Thomas Wright and J. H. Wilkinson.
Cyrus Dobson and J. H. Wilkinson.
Miles Cowan and Geo. Green.
A. C. Ellis and Geo. Jessop.
A. C. Ellis and J H. Wilkinson.
Gordon McWhinney and A. C. Ellis.
Gordon McWhinney and A. C. Ellis.
Gordon McWhinney and A. C. Ellis.
Gordon McW r hinney and A. C. Ellis.
J. Goddard and John Wright.
G. O'C. Leech and F. Marcon.
G. O'C. Leech and T. Marcon.
G. O'C. Leech and T. Marcon.
John Spiers and Arthur Vernor.
A. C. Vernor and John Spiers.
T. McWhinney and C. H. Ashdown.
Fred Neal and A. C. Vernor.
Fred Neal and A. C. Vernor.
Fred Neal and A. C. Vernor.
A, H. Nelson and A. C. Vernor.
A. H. Nelson and Fred Neal.
A. W. Phillips and Arthur Manser.
A. W. Phillips and John Spiers.
A. W. Phillips and John Spiers.
G. W. Mason and John Spiers,
G. W. Mason and John Spiers.
Jos. Leggett and G. R. M. Pentland.
Tos. Leggett and G. R. M. Pentland.
"Fred Neal and G. R. M. Pentland.
Wm Grey and G. R. M. Pentland.
N. McWhinney and G.R.M. Pentland.
N. McWhinney and G. R. M. Pentland.
David Tasher and G. R. M. Pentland.
D. T. Carley and G. R. M. Pentland.
O. Pickard and G. R M. Pentland.
VV. H. Grey and G. R. M. Pentland.
W. H. Grey and G. R. M. Pentland.
Percy Smilev and David Tasher.
William Hill and David Tasher.
William Hill and David Tasher.
It is said that Mr. Jacob whose name heads the list was the builder
of the second church. He used to sit in the pew in front of ours and
I see his venerable form before me now quite distinctly. He was per-
haps the only man in the Western District who had invested means to
leave to his widow and children. He owned the fine colonial house
that Mr. Richard Pattinson had erected and which Mr. Prince bought
on his coming here. He was a Captain of the militia and a Justice
of the Peace. E[e left a large family and Mr. A. H. Askin, of Stra-
bane, is one of his grandchildren. Mr. Hands, who is next on the
list was a most worthy person and the holder of more offices than any
other person in the district. He was at different times Judge of
Surrogate, Sheriff, Clerk of the Peace, Treasurer of the District,
Registrar of Essex and Kent, Registrar of the Surrogate Court, Col-
lector of Customs and Postmaster. He died in 1833 holding several
of these offices and was a competent and faithful public servant and I
find that he was one of my god fathers which I never knew before.
And, now, heavenly Father, we ask Thy blessing upon our bishops
and curates and all congregations committed to their charge, and on
all the churches of thy saints throughout the world. Give to our civil
rulers a due sense of their responsibility to Thee. Make them faithful
to every trust committed to them by Thy providence. And to all Thy
people give Thy heavenly grace, that they may forsake their sins and
subdue their passions, and restrain the violence of party strife and
animosity, and so dwell together in this life, that in the world to come
they may have life everlasting.
And, now, recalling the words of the aged Simeon, I could rever-
ently say, " Lord, now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace,
according to Thy word, for mine eyes have seen Thy salvation, which
Thou hast prepared before all people. To be a light to lighten the
Gentiles and to be the glory of Thy people Israel."